Facts and Figures in Zambia:
- The literacy rate for women is 64% against 82% for men;
- 17% of Zambia’s unemployed are female;
- Women provide 70% of the labour in the Zambian agriculture sector;
- In political decision making, women represent 14% of the Parliament, 17% of Cabinet Ministers and 13.3% of Deputy Ministers;
- Zambia enacted the Anti Gender Based Violence Act, condoning Violence Against Women on 12 May, 2011;
- In 2010, there were over 8,000 cases of Gender Based Violence reported in Zambia;
estimated HIV prevalence rate among women (aged 15-49) was 16.1 percent
in 2007, compared to a rate of 12.3 percent among men.
focuses on gender equality and women’s empowerment not only as human
rights, but also because they are a pathway to achieving the Millennium
Development Goals and sustainable development;
coordinates global and national efforts to integrate gender equality and
women’s empowerment into poverty reduction, democratic governance,
crisis prevention and recovery, and environment and sustainable
- Through our global network, we work to
ensure that women have a real voice in all governance institutions, from
the judiciary to the civil service, as well as in the private sector
and civil society, so they can participate equally with men in public
dialogue and decision-making and influence the decisions that will
determine the future of their families and countries.
UNDP and Gender in Zambia
The UNDP global Gender Equality Strategy (2008-2013)
is grounded in the premise that the development of equality between men
and women, or gender equality is absolutely indivisible from UNDP human
development goal of real improvements in people’s lives and the choices
and opportunities open to them. Guided by the Gender Equality
Strategy, UNDP in Zambia contributes to the attainment of the country’s
vision of integrating gender equity and equality in the socio-economic
development process by 2030.
In this regard, UNDP
has played a role in advocating for gender equity and equality as well
as empowerment of women and girls. This is done through a two-pronged
approach (i) support to the Ministry of Gender and Child Development, as
the key government institution for creating an enabling environment for
promotion of gender equality and women’s rights and (ii) Civil Society
Organizations, which advocate for gender equality and rights of women.
The Gender Unit in UNDP Zambia has supported the development of two programmes on gender. These are the UN Joint Programme on Gender Based Violence and the Programme for the Promotion and protection of Women’s and Children’s Rights in Zambia.
UN Joint Programme on Gender Based Violence
UN Joint Programme on GBV (2012-2016) in Zambia is supported by the
United Nations System. The goal of the Joint programme is to contribute
to the reduction of GBV in Zambia. The overall objective of the
programme is to establish an integrated and multi-sectoral mechanism for
the implementation of the Anti GBV Act, which was enacted in 2011. This
will be attained through the following interrelated specific
- To increase health services in addressing GBV in Zambia;
- To establish appropriate justice/legal systems to effectively implement the Anti-GBV Act;
scale up social protection systems for prevention and management of
GBV, including integrated approaches to economic empowerment of GBV
- To establish an effective coordination mechanisms for an integrated GBV response in Zambia.
specific objectives also form the pillars of the Joint Programme and
structure its response along the lines of priority areas as outlined in
the Anti GBV Act, namely health, legal, socio-economic and
The Joint Programme has four
outcomes, which focus on strengthening the capacity of Government and
stakeholders to establish an integrated and multi-sectoral mechanism for
the implementation of the Anti-GBV Act, including ensuring that GBV
survivors have increased access to timely and appropriate health
services (Outcome 1); an efficient justice delivery system (Outcome 2);
and protection and support services (Outcome 3); as well as that GCDD
has coordinated an effective, evidence-based and multi-sectoral response
to GBV in Zambia (Outcome 4).
include GCDD, MoJ, MoESVTEC, MoH, MoCTI, MoHA, MoIBL, MoCDMCH, MoAL,
MoCTA, Judiciary, HRC, DEC, ZLDC, CEEC, ZDA, NGOCC, Women for Change,
Camfed, Africa Directions, Gender Links, Equality Now, YWCA, House of
Chiefs and NAZ.
UNDP provides the technical leadership in the implementation of the UN Joint Programme.
Programme for the Promotion and protection of Women’s and Children’s Rights in Zambia
Programme for the Promotion and Protection of Women’s and Children’s
Rights in Zambia (2012-2016) is supported by the Government of Norway,
the DFiD and UNDP. The Programme has a long-term goal of reducing Gender
imbalances in political, social and economic spheres in the Country.
This expected to be achieved through gender responsive policies, legal
and institutional frameworks in the MGCD, Priority Line Ministries and
key non-state actor organisations. The overall programme outcome is
expected to be achieved through following four (4) interrelated
outcomes, which are as follows:
- Provisions of the CEDAW and CRC/ACRWC domesticated and provisions of the Anti-GBV Act implemented;
and Programmes in four priority sectors (Lands, Agriculture, Health and
Education) are reviewed and developed in conformity to gender audit,
CEDAW and CRC recommendations, and Anti-GBV Act ;
- MGCD and its state and non-state partners have increased participation of women in political and civic spheres of development;
- MGCD has coordinated a multi-sectoral and evidence based response to gender and child development issues.
key focus of the Programme will be to ensure that the overall policy
and legislative framework is conducive for the promotion of gender
equity and child development and to ensure the implementation of
recommendations from the studies undertaken during the JGSP. The
Programme will build up on the National Gender Communication Strategy as
a vehicle for facilitating change in mindsets and attitudes and serve
as a mechanism for implementing advocacy and sensitization Programmes on
gender equality and child protection. It is envisaged that this will
create sustained support for gender and child responsive development.
order to ensure effective implementation, this Programme will enhance
the oversight function of MGCD to influence policy review, legislative
reforms and implementation in conformity with national, regional and
international commitments on gender and child development. On the other
hand, the Programme will also strengthen the role of CSOs, FBOs and
Traditional leadership in implementing the social change agenda which
include issues related to women political representation, social
mobilisation, advocacy and capacity building.
key national partners in the programme include: Ministry of Justice;
Zambia Law Development Commission; Cabinet Office (PAC and PSMD);
Priority Government institutions. (Ministry of Land, Ministry of
Agriculture, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Justice, Local
Government, Ministry of Health ,Ministry of Finance); Office of the
Auditor General; Traditional Leaders; Political parties;
Parliamentarians; CSOs and other non state actors.